Anime is Japanese hand-drawn or cartoon. The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese, where this term references all animation. Outside Japan, anime is used to refer specifically to animation from Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes. Arguably, the stylization method of this is may open the potential of anime produced in countries apart from Japan. For simplicity, many Westerners strictly view anime being an animation product from Japan. Some scholars suggest defining anime as specifically or quintessentially Japanese might be related to a brand new type of orientalism.
The first commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917, and production of anime works in Japan has since continued to improve steadily. The characteristic anime art style emerged within the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread internationally in the late last century, developing a large domestic and international audience. Anime is distributed theatrically, by television broadcasts, straight to home media, and also over the web. It is classified into numerous genres targeting diverse broad and niche audiences.
Anime is really a diverse art form with distinctive production methods and techniques that have been adapted with time in response to emergent technologies. It consists of an ideal story-telling mechanism, combining graphic art, characterization, cinematography, along with other forms of imaginative and individualistic techniques. The production of anime focuses less on the animation of movement and much more around the realism of settings as well as the use of camera effects, including panning, zooming, and angle shots. Being hand-drawn, anime is separated from reality by a crucial gap of fiction that gives a perfect path for escapism that audiences can immerse themselves into with relative ease. Diverse art styles are utilized and character proportions featuring can be very varied, including characteristically large emotive or realistically sized eyes.
The anime industry includes over 430 production studios, including major names like Studio Ghibli, Gainax, and Toei Animation. Despite comprising merely a fraction of Japan's domestic film market, anime comprises a majority of Japanese DVD sales. It has also seen international success following the rise of English-dubbed programming. This rise in international popularly has resulted in non-Japanese productions while using anime art style, however these works are usually described as anime-influenced animation instead of anime proper.